Last Years

The final voyage of Sir Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake's final years were not happy. His last expedition to Portugal proved abortive. Drake's final journey in 1596 in the West Indies was in failure, and he had numerous defeats. Sir Francis Drake attacked San Juan de Puerto Rico unsuccessfully and lost the battle of San Juan. After that, Francis Drake tried to attack the land and capture the prosperous port of Panama, but he again was defeated.

In January 1596, Sir Francis Drake died on his ship of dysentery which was a common disease of the time, at the age of about 56. Before the death, the great explorer, Sir Francis Drake, asked to be dressed in his full armor. He was buried near Portobelo, at sea in a sealed lead-lined coffin. Divers and historians were searching for the coffin, they have found only the wrecks of the English ships, but the body of Sir Francis Drake has never been found.


Sir Francis Drake had an essential role in English navy history, and he made the English dominate the sea. After his triumphant victories, the Spanish Armada was never fully recovered. Sir Francis Drake had great military achievements, and he was also a famed explorer who claimed the part of the west coast of North America to England. His performances and numerous successful battles made him a hero for the English people.

The Bay near San Francisco bears the name of the great explorer and seaman Sir Francis Drake, who helped claim the land of the English.

In 1979, near Westminster Abbey, a memorial of famous respectful explorer Sir Francis Drake was unveiled. The elliptical monument, also known as a navigator's memorial also observes Sir Francis Chichester and Captain James Cook, who also traveled around the world in different years.

It is also known that Drake's friend, a privateer, and his cousin invented a drink called El Draque.

Cultural Impact

In the United Kingdom, there are various places named after Sir Francis Drake. Especially in Plymouth, Devon. Different places carrying his name include naval base, Drake's Island, and the shopping center is named Drake Circus. There is also a famous statue of Sir Francis Drake in Plymouth.

In the UK, Sir Francis Drake Boulevard of California and Drake Bay are both named after him. There is also a high school in California named after Sir Francis Drake.

In 1930 various mountains were named after him. The highest peak on Vancouver Island bears his name.

Sir Francis Drake also became an icon of English folklore.


Career at sea

Early sea career At the age of eighteen, Francis Drake sailed to the Bay of Biscay, and he was a purser of the ship. At twenty, Drake made a voyage to the Coast of Guinea. When Francis Drake was 23 years old in 1563, he established his first voyages to the Americas. Sir Francis Drake started his long career as a slave trader. His first significant expeditions when Drake was a young man came in the 1560s by the time Drake joined his cousin, Sir John Howkins, on some of Britain's earliest slave-trading voyages to West Africa. They were attacking native villages or Portuguese slave ships. Journeys would transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations. That action was illegal under Spanish law. During one of their slaving expeditions in 1568, Spanish ships trapped their vessels. Many of the members of the crew were killed or captured. Sir Francis Drake escaped without any harm, but the defeat left him with a seething hatred for Spain and Philip II, their king. Voyages to the West Indies Sir Francis Drake made the second Voyage with John Howkins to West India in 1570 and 1571, which were his two most profitable trading voyages. There were two vessels under his command, and he aimed to capture Nombre De Dio, Pan, which was the unique colon town in Panama. During this attack, Drake was wounded and failed. But this attack was maybe the foundation of his fortune. Francis Drake crossed the Isthmus of Panama, and he first saw the pacific. The most celebrated of Sir Francis Drake's adventur

Circumnavigation of the Earth

Principal Voyage In 1577, the war again broke out between England and Spain. Sir Francis Drake was chosen as the leader of the expedition. Drake was intended to pass around South America through the Strait of Magellan, and explore the land with his crew. Francis Drake had his plans and continued raiding Spanish fleets, wanted, and attacked Spanish settlements in South America. Sir Francis Drake and his fleet left the port in 1577 on December 13, and there were five ships under his command: 'The Elizabeth,' 'Swan,' 'Christoper,' 'Marigold,' and the 'Pelican.' Drake sailed across the Atlantic to Brazil than to the coast of Argentina to an area called Patagonia. In Spring 1578, Drake reached the Brazilian coast, and around this time, Drake renamed his ship 'Golden Hind.' The great explorer with his fleet sailed to the west coast of South America. Along with Chile and Peru, Francis Drake destroyed several Spanish vessels and took their riches. After going through the Strait of Magellan, Drake started making his way up to the West coast of the United States. He, with the fleet, stopped for a while near Modern-day Oregon. In 1579 June, Francis Drake landed at Point Reyes, which is nowadays San Francisco, California, and here he spent several weeks with friendly Miwok natives. Across the Pacific and around Africa In July, The Golden Hind left the area and sailed across the Pacific Ocean, which took over two months, and for weeks they saw no land. The ship finally reached Mollusca,