Sir Francis Drake was an English marine officer, sea captain, merchant, privateer, and English explorer. He was one of the most important figures of the Elizabeth era. Francis Drake had great achievements throughout his adventurous life. He played a significant and vital role and helped England to create a vast empire in the New World.
Sir Francis Drake was involved in piracy and illegal slave trading, and he became the second person to circumnavigate the globe. In 1577 Francis Drake was chosen as the expedition leader, he passed around South America through the Strait of Magellan to explore the land. Drake achieved great success in his journey, and Upon his triumphant return, Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.
Sir Francis Drake was also selected as a mayor of Plymouth. In 1588 Drake was a vice-admiral of the English fleet and saw action in the English defeat of the Spanish armada.
Sir Francis Drake is considered as a hero to the English, and a pirate for the Spanish people, he is known to them as El Draque. Sir Francis Drake successfully ended the dominance of Spain over the sea and made England a global Empire.
Birth and early years
Sir Francis Drake was born near Tavistock, Devonshire, England, the exact date of his birth is not known, Drake was the eldest of twelve sons of the farmer Edmund Drake and his wife, Mary Malware. A very little is known about his childhood and education, but we know that Sir Francis Drake had a large family and spent his childhood in an impoverished environment. Edmund Drake, his father was a preacher, Protestant and raised her children as Protestants and became admirers of the Christian religion who are not part of the Roman Catholic Church. Drake soon developed a hatred for Catholics, especially those from Europe's most powerful Catholic country, Spain.
Sir Francis Drake's father, Edmund Drake, was connected to Sir John Howkins, who was a famed naval commander, and it is believed to be evidence that Drake was destined for the sea.
In the early 1550s, young Drake started working as a pupil on a trading ship,
Sir Francis Drake received some education and learned the basis of navigation, learned how to get a boat from one place to another by direction and plotting position, also was provided shelter and food.
After several years of living with family, Drake moved to a neighborhood in Chatham, where his naval history has begun.
Marriage and family
Sir Francis Drake, a famous English explorer, married Mary Newman at ST. Bordeaux church in July 1568, Plymouth. Mary Newman died 12 years later, and Francis Drake married Elizabeth Sydenham, she was the only child of Sir George Sydenham, the high sheriff of Somerset. A very little is known about his marriage, but they were probably married in 1539.