Sir Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake was an English marine officer, sea captain, merchant, privateer, and English explorer. He was one of the most important figures of the Elizabeth era. Francis Drake had great achievements throughout his adventurous life. He played a significant and vital role and helped England to create a vast empire in the New World.


Career at sea

Early sea career At the age of eighteen, Francis Drake sailed to the Bay of Biscay, and he was a purser of the ship. At twenty, Drake made a voyage to the Coast of Guinea. When Francis Drake was 23 years old in 1563, he established his first voyages to the Americas. Sir Francis Drake started his long career as a slave trader. His first significant expeditions when Drake was a young man came in the 1560s by the time Drake joined his cousin, Sir John Howkins, on some of Britain's earliest slave-trading voyages to West Africa. They were attacking native villages or Portuguese slave ships. Journeys would transport the slaves to the Spanish Caribbean and sell them off to local plantations. That action was illegal under Spanish law. During one of their slaving expeditions in 1568, Spanish ships trapped their vessels. Many of the members of the crew were killed or captured. Sir Francis Drake escaped without any harm, but the defeat left him with a seething hatred for Spain and Philip II, their king. Voyages to the West Indies Sir Francis Drake made the second Voyage with John Howkins to West India in 1570 and 1571, which were his two most profitable trading voyages. There were two vessels under his command, and he aimed to capture Nombre De Dio, Pan, which was the unique colon town in Panama. During this attack, Drake was wounded and failed. But this attack was maybe the foundation of his fortune. Francis Drake crossed the Isthmus of Panama, and he first saw the pacific. The most celebrated of Sir Francis Drake's adventur

Circumnavigation of the Earth

Principal Voyage In 1577, the war again broke out between England and Spain. Sir Francis Drake was chosen as the leader of the expedition. Drake was intended to pass around South America through the Strait of Magellan, and explore the land with his crew. Francis Drake had his plans and continued raiding Spanish fleets, wanted, and attacked Spanish settlements in South America. Sir Francis Drake and his fleet left the port in 1577 on December 13, and there were five ships under his command: 'The Elizabeth,' 'Swan,' 'Christoper,' 'Marigold,' and the 'Pelican.' Drake sailed across the Atlantic to Brazil than to the coast of Argentina to an area called Patagonia. In Spring 1578, Drake reached the Brazilian coast, and around this time, Drake renamed his ship 'Golden Hind.' The great explorer with his fleet sailed to the west coast of South America. Along with Chile and Peru, Francis Drake destroyed several Spanish vessels and took their riches. After going through the Strait of Magellan, Drake started making his way up to the West coast of the United States. He, with the fleet, stopped for a while near Modern-day Oregon. In 1579 June, Francis Drake landed at Point Reyes, which is nowadays San Francisco, California, and here he spent several weeks with friendly Miwok natives. Across the Pacific and around Africa In July, The Golden Hind left the area and sailed across the Pacific Ocean, which took over two months, and for weeks they saw no land. The ship finally reached Mollusca,

Failure of the Spanish Armada

Spanish Armada Political and religious differences between Catholic Spain and Protestant England leading up to the conflict. The Spanish Empire was transformed by the English, English sailors consciously targeting Spanish shipping around the Atlantic and Europe. Spanish Armada was a naval force of about 130 ships estimated at over 18,000 soldiers. Approximately 40 shops were warships, and The Spanish Armada had an individual plan called 'Great and most fortunate navy.' Queen Elizabeth authorized Francis Drake to make a strike against the great Spanish Armada. In 1587 he sailed to a Spanish Port of Cadiz and destroyed thirty-seven enemy ships. In May 1587, the Spanish Armada, after several years of preparation, set sail from Lisbon under the command of the Duke. For the first time on July 31, 1588, the Spanish Armada and the English fleet met each other off the coast of Plymouth. English fleet successfully damaged some of the Spanish ships, but they were unable to pierce Spanish Armada's defensive formation. By 1588 July Spanish Armada was on the English Channel. The defeat of the Spanish Armada The commander of the Spanish Armada was Duke of Medina Sidonia. The Spaniards had very strict formation up the Channel, England realized that it would be difficult to break. Although by that time, these two Great Spanish ships were destroyed during the basic battles. Spaniard ships 'The Rosario collided' and also other ships were captured by Francis Drake. At midnight English fire ships approached the Spanish

Last Years

The final voyage of Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake's final years were not happy. His last expedition to Portugal proved abortive. Drake's final journey in 1596 in the West Indies was in failure, and he had numerous defeats. Sir Francis Drake attacked San Juan de Puerto Rico unsuccessfully and lost the battle of San Juan. After that, Francis Drake tried to attack the land and capture the prosperous port of Panama, but he again was defeated. In January 1596, Sir Francis Drake died on his ship of dysentery which was a common disease of the time, at the age of about 56. Before the death, the great explorer, Sir Francis Drake, asked to be dressed in his full armor. He was buried near Portobelo, at sea in a sealed lead-lined coffin. Divers and historians were searching for the coffin, they have found only the wrecks of the English ships, but the body of Sir Francis Drake has never been found. Legacy Sir Francis Drake had an essential role in English navy history, and he made the English dominate the sea. After his triumphant victories, the Spanish Armada was never fully recovered. Sir Francis Drake had great military achievements, and he was also a famed explorer who claimed the part of the west coast of North America to England. His performances and numerous successful battles made him a hero for the English people. The Bay near San Francisco bears the name of the great explorer and seaman Sir Francis Drake, who helped claim the land of the English. In 1979, near Westminster Abbey, a memorial of famous respectful

More about Sir Francis Drake

Sir Francis Drake

Basic Information

Sir Francis Drake was an English marine officer, sea captain, merchant, privateer, and English explorer. He was one of the most important figures of the Elizabeth era. Francis Drake had great achievements throughout his adventurous life. He played a significant and vital role and helped England to create a vast empire in the New World.

Sir Francis Drake was involved in piracy and illegal slave trading, and he became the second person to circumnavigate the globe. In 1577 Francis Drake was chosen as the expedition leader, he passed around South America through the Strait of Magellan to explore the land. Drake achieved great success in his journey, and Upon his triumphant return, Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth.

Sir Francis Drake was also selected as a mayor of Plymouth. In 1588 Drake was a vice-admiral of the English fleet and saw action in the English defeat of the Spanish armada.

Sir Francis Drake is considered as a hero to the English, and a pirate for the Spanish people, he is known to them as El Draque. Sir Francis Drake successfully ended the dominance of Spain over the sea and made England a global Empire.

Birth and early years

Sir Francis Drake was born near Tavistock, Devonshire, England, the exact date of his birth is not known, Drake was the eldest of twelve sons of the farmer Edmund Drake and his wife, Mary Malware. A very little is known about his childhood and education, but we know that Sir Francis Drake had a large family and spent his childhood in an impoverished environment. Edmund Drake, his father was a preacher, Protestant and raised her children as Protestants and became admirers of the Christian religion who are not part of the Roman Catholic Church. Drake soon developed a hatred for Catholics, especially those from Europe's most powerful Catholic country, Spain.

Sir Francis Drake's father, Edmund Drake, was connected to Sir John Howkins, who was a famed naval commander, and it is believed to be evidence that Drake was destined for the sea.

In the early 1550s, young Drake started working as a pupil on a trading ship,

Sir Francis Drake received some education and learned the basis of navigation, learned how to get a boat from one place to another by direction and plotting position, also was provided shelter and food.

After several years of living with family, Drake moved to a neighborhood in Chatham, where his naval history has begun.

Marriage and family

Sir Francis Drake, a famous English explorer, married Mary Newman at ST. Bordeaux church in July 1568, Plymouth. Mary Newman died 12 years later, and Francis Drake married Elizabeth Sydenham, she was the only child of Sir George Sydenham, the high sheriff of Somerset. A very little is known about his marriage, but they were probably married in 1539.